(Work in progress)
The Urbanisms of Evolution:
Incremental Urbanism – The process in which neighborhoods evolve through the gradual addition of newer, usually denser, buildings in a manner that reinforces and builds on the existing context.
Successional Urbanism – The process in which neighborhoods evolve through the process demolishing older buildings in favor of newer, usually denser buildings. This may or may not include the idea of a steady or “climax” state. See also Ecological Succession.
Tactical Urbanism – “Short-term action for long-term change”. The process of creating temporary and/or low cost interventions to create or inhabit public/civic space, provide retail/services, improve streetscapes or implement other improvements to the built environment that make it more habitable for people traveling by foot or bicycle. Link
Guerilla Urbanism – Tactical Urbanism that is not sanctioned by official sources.
Generative Urbanism – Usually associated with the work of Christopher Alexander (more to come).
Sprawl Retrofit (aka Suburban Retrofit aka Sprawl Repair) – The process of making targeted suburban location more amenable to those walking and biking, usually including increasing density, introducing a great mix of uses and re-purposing parking areas. CNU Retrofit Initiative
Pretrofit – Planned Suburban Retrofit, when suburban projects are laid out in such a way that they will be easier to urbanize at a later date.
Incremental Sprawl Repair – http://isrworkinggroup.posterous.com/
The New Urbanism – A movement to create more livable, walkable, bike-able transit-able, human communities through design and policy concerning the built environment that places an emphasis on learning from existing and historic places that work well.
Disclaimer: I did not originate any of these terms.